Meaning of 'j'

The eighth consonant. It corresponds, in words from the Sanskrit, with J in Jug, Jump; but in Prakrit words and in words received from the Hindustani, it has the sound, sometimes of J, and commonly of Dz, as in Adz. It was designed to represent this softened sound by ja; but as on this plan innumerable typographical errors were to be expected, and thus endless and vexatious misdirections to the learner, the following rule is substituted for the discrimination and use of it:--Of all words not Sanskrit (Sanskrit words are marked with S), and not of that intermediate class which, adopted from the Sanskrit and now of too remote adoption and too general currency to be marked S, are in pronunciation regarded sometimes with reference to their origin and sometimes as words of mere Marathi (to such, for the easy discrimination of them, is attached, within parentheses, the letter S),--let every ja, ja, ju, ju, jai, jo, jau, whether initial, medial, or final, be sounded as Dz in Adz, and every ji, ji, je, as J in Jilt, Jeer, Jane. Thus even the Arabic and Persian words, written with , & (as ), of which therefore the sound should be soft, as of z, will be, in Marathi, written with ji, ji, & je, and sounded always with the sound of J. In exception to this rule Note:--That je masc. plural of jo, & je neut. singular, and nje the conjunction are, in the Konka&ntodtod;, usually as pronounced dze and dzen:--And that of some Persian and Arabic words the ja, ja, &c. are pronounced as J, as in .

Meaning of ज

The eighth consonant. It corresponds, in words from the Sanskrit, with J in Jug, Jump; but in Prákrit words and in words received from the Hindústání, it has the sound, sometimes of J, and commonly of Dz, as in Adz. It was designed to represent this softened sound by ; but as on this plan innumerable typographical errors were to be expected, and thus endless and vexatious misdirections to the learner, the following rule is substituted for the discrimination and use of it:--Of all words not Sanskrit (Sanskrit words are marked with S), and not of that intermediate class which, adopted from the Sanskrit and now of too remote adoption and too general currency to be marked S, are in pronunciation regarded sometimes with reference to their origin and sometimes as words of mere Maráṭhí (to such, for the easy discrimination of them, is attached, within parentheses, the letter S),--let every ज, जा, जु, जू, जै, जो, जौ, whether initial, medial, or final, be sounded as Dz in Adz, and every जि, जी, जे, as J in Jilt, Jeer, Jane. Thus even the Arabic and Persian words, written with , & (as ), of which therefore the sound should be soft, as of z, will be, in Maráṭhí, written with जि, जी, & जे, and sounded always with the sound of J. In exception to this rule Note:--That जे masc. plural of जो, & जें neut. singular, and जे the conjunction are, in the Konkan̤, usually as pronounced dze and dzen:--And that of some Persian and Arabic words the ज, जा, &c. are pronounced as J, as in .

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