Meaning of 'c'

The sixth consonant. It has, in Sanskrit words, the sound of Ch in Church, in Prakrit words, the sound, sometimes of Ch or Tsh, sometimes of Ts, which, although difficult to be represented on paper, is easily apprehended by the ear. It was designed to represent this softened sound by ca; but, as on this plan, innumerable typographical errors were to be expected, and thus endless and vexatious misdirections to the learner, the following rule is substituted for the discrimination and use of it. Of words not Sanskrit (Sanskrit words are all marked with S), not Persian, Arabic, or Hindustani (which words are marked respectively with P, A, and H), and not of that intermediate class which, adopted from the Sanskrit, and now of too remote adoption and too general currency to be marked S, are in pronunciation regarded, sometimes with reference to their origin, and sometimes as words of mere Marathi (to such, for the easy discrimination of them, is attached, withinparentheses, the letter S), --of all words not included under these three classes (i. e. of all words not marked S, or P, A, H, or (S)) let every ca, ca, cu, cu, cai, co, cau, whether initial, medial, or final, be sounded as ts in Nuts, and every ci, ci, ce as tsh, or ch, in Chip, Cheek, Chaste. In exception to this rule Note--1st, that ce & ce are, in the Konka&ntodtod;, pronounced as tse and tse&ntodtod;. 2nd, that of some Hindustani words, nca, ca, cu, cu, &c. are pronounced as ts. Such cases will, for the most part, be noted.

Meaning of च

The sixth consonant. It has, in Sanskrit words, the sound of Ch in Church, in Prakrit words, the sound, sometimes of Ch or Tsh, sometimes of Ts, which, although difficult to be represented on paper, is easily apprehended by the ear. It was designed to represent this softened sound by ; but, as on this plan, innumerable typographical errors were to be expected, and thus endless and vexatious misdirections to the learner, the following rule is substituted for the discrimination and use of it. Of words not Sanskrit (Sanskrit words are all marked with S), not Persian, Arabic, or Hindustání (which words are marked respectively with P, A, and H), and not of that intermediate class which, adopted from the Sanskrit, and now of too remote adoption and too general currency to be marked S, are in pronunciation regarded, sometimes with reference to their origin, and sometimes as words of mere Maráṭhí (to such, for the easy discrimination of them, is attached, withinparentheses, the letter S), --of all words not included under these three classes (i. e. of all words not marked S, or P, A, H, or (S)) let every च, चा, चु, चू, चै, चो, चौ, whether initial, medial, or final, be sounded as ts in Nuts, and every चि, ची, चे as tsh, or ch, in Chip, Cheek, Chaste. In exception to this rule Note--1st, that चे & चें are, in the Konkan̤, pronounced as tse and tsen̤. 2nd, that of some Hindustání words, च, चा, चु, चू, &c. are pronounced as ts. Such cases will, for the most part, be noted.

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